1. The EmbuThe Bantu-speaking Embu tribe makes up around 1.5% of the population of Kenya and can be found mainly in Embu district. It is one of the Mount Kenya communities.
2. The KambaMaking up about 10% of the Kenyan population, the Kamba tribe is found mainly in eastern Kenya. It is a Bantu group as well.
3. The KisiiThe Kisii (Gusii) tribe are a Bantu-speaking tribe mainly found in western Kenya. The Abagusii account for 7% of the Kenyan population. They mainly rely on farming activities for livelihood.
4. The LuhyaThe Bantu-speaking Luhya make up 14% of the Kenyan population and occupy the western regions of the country. They’re the second-largest tribe in Kenya (after the Kikuyu).
5. The MaasaiThe Maasai are a nomadic Nilote tribe occupying the southern parts of Kenya.
Fun fact: They’re the most famous tribe in Kenya.
6. The OrmaThis is a Cushitic tribe living in the north eastern parts of Kenya around the River Tana.
7. The SamburuThis nomadic Nilotic tribe resides in the northern parts of Kenya.
8. The Suba TribeThe Bantu-speaking Suba tribe occupies the Lake Victoria islands of Rusinga and Mfangano.
9. The TaitaThe Bantu-speaking Taita tribe lives in the south western parts of Kenya around the coastal region.
10. The TurkanaThe Nilotic Turkana tribe occupies the northwestern parts of Kenya around Lake Turkana.
11. The MbeereThe Bantu-speaking Mbeere tribe lives in the eastern parts of Kenya. It’s closely related to the Mount Kenya communities such as the Embu and Kikuyu.
12. The TharakaThe Bantu-speaking Tharaka tribe live in the eastern parts of Kenya such as Embu and Kitui districts.
13. The NjempsThe Nilotic Njemps are close relatives of the Samburu and occupy the area around Lake Baringo. They primarily live on fishing and farming activities.
14. The GallaThe Galla tribe lives in the eastern and north eastern parts of Kenya. They live a primarily nomadic lifestyle.
15. The KonsoThe little known Konso (Xonsita) tribe is a Cushitic one and occupies both northern Kenya and southern Ethiopia.
16. The WaatThis is a Cushitic tribe closely related to the Orma and Oromo. They’re nomadic in Kenya and live in the north eastern parts of the country.
17. The WalwanaThis little community is made up of only about 20,000 people. It’s also called the Malakote or Ilwana tribe and is an independent group from the major ones mentioned above.
18. The GaljeelThe Galjeel tribe is another small one living in scattered areas as hunters and gatherers.
19. The BuljiOne other small tribe in Kenya is the Bulji. It’s slowly moving away from its traditional way of life to include better and more modern lifestyles.
20. The Kenyan Arabs TribeThis tribe occupies the coastal regions and is made up of Arabs from Persia, Yemen, Oman and other countries.
21. The Kenyan EuropeanThe Europeans living in Kenya came mostly during the colonial period and are made up of mostly Britons.
22. The AmeruThis Bantu community can be found on the slopes of Mount Kenya in the northeastern side of the mountain.
23. The KalenjinThis tribe is the 4th largest in Kenya and is made up of 8 sub-tribes namely the Nandi, Terik, Sabaot, Keiyo, Pokot, Marakwet, Tugen and Kipsigis.
24. The KikuyuThe largest tribe in Kenya, the Kikuyu, takes up to 22% of the Kenyan population and lives in the Mount Kenya region in central Kenya.
25. The KuriaThe Kuria tribe is a Bantu-speaking group living on the border between Kenya and Tanzania.
26. The Luo TribeThe Luo tribe is the 3rd largest in Kenya and is found mainly in the western region of Kenya along Lake Victoria.
27. The MijikendaThe Mijikenda tribe resides in the coastal regions of Kenya and belongs to the Bantu ethnic group.
28. The RendilleThis Cushitic tribe lives in the north eastern parts of the country and is nomadic in nature.
29. The SomaliAnother Cushitic tribe living in north eastern parts of Kenya is the Somali. This tribe has at least 2 million people and stands as the largest Cushitic tribe.
30. The Swahili TribeAmong the most famous tribes in Kenya is the Swahili tribe which lives along the coastal region of the country.
31. The TavetaThe Taveta are Bantu speakers residing between Tanzania and the Tsavo National Park.
32. The GabraThis Cushitic tribe resides in the northern parts of Kenya in the Chalbi desert. It’s a close relative of the Oromo tribe.
33. The NubiThe Nubi originated from Sudan and has very few people living in Kenya (about 16,000). They’re often referred to as the Nubians.
34. The IlchamusThis is a Nilotic tribe living around Lake Baringo in the northern parts of the Rift Valley.
35. The BoranaThis Cushitic tribe occupies the regions in northern Kenya such as Moyale, Garissa and Marsabit. It’s made up of nomadic cattle herders.
36. The GoshaThe Cushitic Gosha tribe is closely related to the Oromo and even speaks the latter’s language. They too are nomadic pastoralists.
37. The SakuyeThe Sakuye tribe also resides in the north and north eastern parts of the country and is made up of pastoralists in general.
38. The IsaakThis tribe resides in the northern parts of the country and is closely related to the Somali tribe.
39. The DasenachThis group originated from the Debub Omo Zone and lives close to Lake Turkana. They primarily focus on rearing animals for a living.
40. The Letsan TribeThis tribe has close links to the Somali tribes and occupies parts of eastern Kenya closer to Somalia. It’s nomadic in nature.
41. The TesoThe Teso tribe occupies the western parts of Kenya and is one of the Nilotic tribes in this region.
42. The Kenyan AmericanThis is the group of Kenyans who live and work in the United States and are even American citizens but have their origin in Kenya. They’re close to 100,00 in number.
43.The Asian CommunityThe Asian community is the last group to be legally recognized as a Kenyan tribe. It’s made up people of Asian origin mainly the Indians in Kenya.
44. MakondeThe Makonde are a group of Bantu people from Mozambique which were recognized as a Kenyan tribe in 2017.
All these tribes have they unique features although Kenya is tending towards a unified nation where these tribal differences don’t affect the way people make decisions.