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Facts about Child Vaccination in Kenya

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DEFINITIONS​

IMMUNIZATION:​

Deliberate provocation of an adaptive immune response by introducing antigen into the body.

VACCINATION:​

Deliberate induction of an adaptive immune response to a pathogen by injecting a vaccine,a killed or attenuated form of the pathogen.

VACCINE:​

A substance used to stimulate the production of antibodies and provide immunity against one or several diseases, prepared from the causative agent of a disease, its products, or a synthetic substitute, treated to act as an antigen without inducing the disease


A. KEPI VACCINE/GOVERNMENT SCHEDULE​

Given at birth​

1. BCG (Bacillus Calmette-Guerin)

Given as an injection 0.05ml under the skin (intra-dermal) of the left fore arm.

It helps protect the child against Tuberculosis (TB)

2. Polio Vaccine: 2 drops per oral.

It helps protect the child against poliomyelitis (polio) to avert crippling in children.


Given at 6, 10 and 14 weeks of age​

1. Polio Vaccine: Dose: 2 drops administered

Children can safely receive the polio booster any time before they are 5 years old.

2. Pentavalent Vaccine: Dose: 0.5mls Intra muscular left outer thigh

Contains a combination of five vaccines hence the name Penta.

It acts against diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus, Hepatitis B and Haemophilus Influenza.

SIDE EFFECTS

  • Fever
  • Pain at injection site
  • Swelling or redness on injection site
  • Irritability
ADVERSE EFFECTS
  • Injection site abscess
3. Pneumococcal Vaccine: Dose: 0.5ml Intra muscular right outer thigh

This vaccine helps to prevent pneumonia. Was added in 2012.

4. Rota Virus vaccine: 1.5mls administered orally

Given at 6 & 10 weeks

Helps prevent rotavirus infection which is the leading cause of diarrheal diseases in children worldwide.


At 6 Months​

  1. Measles Rubella Vaccine
In event of a measles rubella outbreak or HIV exposed children

  1. Flu vaccine: Vitamin A 100000iu per Oral

At 9 Months​

1st Dose Measles Rubella Vaccine: Dose 0.5ml subcutaneously right upper arm.


At 12 Months​

  1. Vitamin A 200000 IU
  2. Deworming with Albendazole 200mg

At 18 Months​

2nd Dose Measles Rubella Vaccine: Dose 0.5ml subcutaneous right upper arm

Vitamin A 200000 IU and deworming with Albendazole 200mg


At 9 Months – Only in the selected counties​

Yellow Fever Vaccine: Dose 0.5mls Intra Muscular left upper deltoid

N/B: Vitamin A and Deworming is given to the child at 1 year and repeat after every 6 months till the child is 5 Years old.


At 10 Years​

HPV – Human Papilloma Virus

Given in two doses 1st Dose then 2nd Dose after 6 months

N/B: For HIV exposed girls receive 3 doses 6 months apart


B. BABY FRIENDLY VACCINES​

BIRTH​

  • BCG
  • Oral polio
  • Hepatitis B 0.5mls Intra muscular

6, 10 & 14 WEEKS​

  1. Hexaxim/infanrix
  2. Rotarix,
  3. Prevenar 13
  4. Oral polio

6 MONTHS​

  1. Flu Vaccine
  2. Vitamin A 100000iu

7 MONTHS​

Flu Vaccine

9 MONTHS​

  1. MMR
  2. Yellow fever vaccine

10 MONTHS​

Meningoccal ACY and W conjugate

1 YEAR​

  1. Vitamin 200000iu
  2. Hepatitis A
  3. Varicella,
  4. Dewormer 200mg.

15 MONTHS​

  1. Meningoccal Vaccine
  2. MMR,

18 MONTHS​

  1. Hexaxim/Infanrix Booster
  2. MMR
  3. Vitamin A 200000IU
  4. Dewormer

2 YEARS​

  1. Typhoid Vaccine
  2. Flu Vaccine
  3. Dewormer
  4. Vitamin 200,000iu

5 YEARS​

Booster

  1. IPV
  2. Typhoid Vaccine
  3. Flu vaccine

9 YEARS​

  1. HPV
  2. Flu vaccine

ANNUALLY​

Flu vaccine

REVACCINATION​

  1. Typhoid Vaccine – every 3 years
  2. Meningococcal Vaccine
  3. Cholera Vaccine
  4. Verorab/Antirabies
 
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